The Incas bestowed an special religious significance on the alpaca, sacrificing an alpaca at sunset, noon and during the sunrise to gratify their gods. The Incas discovered that the alpaca is capable of producing 22 different colors. In the Inca Empire society, only specially designated weavers were permitted to spin and weave alpaca fiber. The fiber of the alpaca used for clothing was a sign of social status. Clothing made from alpaca was considered of such goodness that was reserved exclusively for members of the royal family and for the highest government officials.
The Alpacas were treasured animals for the Inca civilization and an integral part of normal life in the Andean region. Alpacas were used for garments, fertilizer, fuel and meat as well as a means of transportation.
Textiles were very important to the Inca Empire because they had religious and social significance. A piece of textile or clothing was considered to be the most honored gift. Soldiers, religious representatives and citizens that had distinguished themselves by serving the Inca Empire were given vestures as a sign of appreciation. The Incas also considered clothing to have enchanting powers.
When the Spanish conquerors arrived in Peru looking for “El Dorado” they didn´t realize that infront of them they had “The Gold of the Gods ” as the incas used to call the alpaca fiber.